Most variant calling pipelines result in files containing large quantities of variant information. The variant call format (vcf) is an increasingly popular format for this data. The format of these files and their content is discussed in the vignette ‘vcf data.’ These files are typically intended to be post-processed (i.e., filtered) as an attempt to remove false positives or otherwise problematic sites. The R package vcfR provides tools to facilitate this filtering as well as to visualize the effects of choices made during this process.