Randomness and probability are two differnet concepts: probaility is a measure (according to measure theory) which measures the randomness. Randomness is the object to be measured by probability. For example, probability is a mapping from randomness to the real number between 0 and 1. The similar examples are that the entropy measures the uncertanity; product of length and width measures the area of rectangle etc. Please see “A mathematical theory of ability measure” by N. Kong ets for more examples to answer this question.

]]>Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology. The science of biostatistics encompasses the design of biological experiments, especially in medicine, pharmacy, agriculture and fishery; the collection, summarization, and analysis of data from those experiments; and the interpretation of, and inference from, the results. A major branch of this is medical biostatistics, which is exclusively concerned with medicine and health.

]]>A very nice book by Winston Chang for R ethusiast. The R code presented in these pages is the R code actually used to produce the Figures in the book. There will be differences compared to the code chunks shown in the text of the book, but in most cases the differences will be that these pages contain additional code to lay out multiple plots on a single "page".

The code presented for each figure is self-contained, i.e., all code required to produce the figure is included. This means that there is sometimes considerable overlap of code between several figures In some cases, it may be necessary to install an add-on package from CRAN to get the code to run.

More books at http://www.e-reading.club/bookreader.php/137370/C486x_APPb.pdf

]]>This is necessary in light of the increasing use of higher level statistics in biomedical research. I hope it accomplishes this mission and encourage its free distribution and use as a course text or supplement.

K Seefeld, May 2007

]]>Structural variants presentation by

Jan Korbel

European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) Heidelberg Genome Biology Research Unit

Reference:

https://www.genome.gov/pages/research/der/1000genomesprojecttutorials/structuralvariants-jankorbel.pdf

]]>Reference:

http://cbsu.tc.cornell.edu/lab/doc/assembly_workshop_20150420_lecture1.pdf

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